Restore and Rebuild Jerusalem

Daniel 9:25 So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress.

Who issued the decree to rebuild Jerusalem?

When reviewing the Biblical texts, it is important to read carefully. As documented by J. Dwight Pentecost in Things to Come, there are instances where decrees are made regarding the rebuilding of the Temple.

Cyrus made a decree to rebuild the Temple in 2 Chronicles 36:22-23. Darius supported Cyrus’ decree of the building of the Temple in Ezra 6:3-8. And Artaxerxes went to Jerusalem to support the idea of a rebuilt Temple in Ezra 7:7.

Photo: Wikipedia

There is only one decree made for the rebuilding of Jerusalem. This occurred when Nehemiah went before King Artaxerxes of Persia.

Nehemiah 2:1-8 In the month of Nisan, in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes, when wine was before him, I took up the wine and gave it to the king. Now I had not been sad in his presence. And the king said to me, “Why is your face sad, seeing you are not sick? This is nothing but sadness of the heart.” Then I was very much afraid. I said to the king, “Let the king live forever! Why should not my face be sad, when the city, the place of my fathers’ graves, lies in ruins, and its gates have been destroyed by fire?” Then the king said to me, “What are you requesting?” So I prayed to the God of heaven. And I said to the king, “If it pleases the king, and if your servant has found favor in your sight, that you send me to Judah, to the city of my fathers’ graves, that I may rebuild it.” And the king said to me (the queen sitting beside him), “How long will you be gone, and when will you return?” So it pleased the king to send me when I had given him a time. And I said to the king, “If it pleases the king, let letters be given me to the governors of the province Beyond the River, that they may let me pass through until I come to Judah, and a letter to Asaph, the keeper of the king’s forest, that he may give me timber to make beams for the gates of the fortress of the temple, and for the wall of the city, and for the house that I shall occupy.” And the king granted me what I asked, for the good hand of my God was upon me.

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