Archive for 70 weeks

Decree to Rebuild Jerusalem, Year

Posted in #PaulthePoke, Angels, Gospel with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on January 10, 2021 by paulthepoke

Daniel 9:25 Know therefore and understand that from the going out of the word to restore and build Jerusalem to the coming of an anointed one, a prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again with squares and moat, but in a troubled time.

The context of the discussion is Gabriel’s message from God to Daniel. The question is, what year was the decree to rebuild Jerusalem?

Nehemiah 2:1a In the month of Nisan, in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxeswhen wine was before him, I took up the wine and gave it to the king…

When was the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes?

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Before getting into the study, I would like to point out there are differing thoughts as to the year of the decree. Was the year 445 or 444 BC? There is excellent scholarship for both years. Encouraging all to look into the matter for themselves. There is and will be disagreement and that is okay. People are making a good faith effort to understand the mind of an infinite God. We are finite humanity in a broken and fallen state.

Full disclosure, this author is in the 444 BC camp. Some would say I have a confirmation bias. My answer would be yes. This date makes sense to me for many reasons. It fits in what we understand of time.

…in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes…

Smith’s Bible Dictionary, John Walvoord’s Every Prophecy of the Bible, and many others indicate Artaxerxes Longimanus reign of power was initiated in 464 BC.

464 BC – 20 years = 444 BC

The Gregorian calendar we use today would not come into existence until 1582 AD. And this adds to the confusion. This prophecy was revealed in 539 BC. Scholars and experts are using years dated by a Gregorian system.

Jews recognized kings and their reign according to regnal years.

A regnal year is a year of the reign of a sovereign, from the Latin regnum meaning kingdom, rule. Regnal years considered the date as an ordinal, not a cardinal number. For example, a monarch could have a first year of rule, a second year of rule, a third year of rule, and so on, but not a zeroth year of rule. -Wikipedia

Many Biblical and secular historians and scholars believe Artaxerxes reign started in December 465 BC. That would mean the first regnal year of power would have been from December 465 BC to December 464 BC. The majority of the first year of Artaxerxes reign would have taken place in 464 BC.

Twenty years later would result in a time range of December 445 to December 444. We know the month is Nisan which equates to the spring months of March or April. Nisan 1/March/April 444 falls in this time frame.

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Looking at Daniel 9:25, God’s clock is started with the issue to rebuild Jerusalem. A time period is defined to the coming of a “prince“. We know that “prince” to be Jesus Christ. The verse states the following.

…there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks…

Per a Jewish calendar, time would be calculated in the following manner.

seven weeks or (7 X 7) + sixty-two weeks or (62 X 7) = 483 years.

483 years X 360 days = 173,880 days.

See the link below for calculating “sets of weeks“.

With a starting point of Nisan 1, 444 BC, a decree from Artaxerxes was made to rebuild Jerusalem.

Take your pick. 69 weeks, 483 years, or 173,880 days later, the math calculation results in the spring or Nisan of 33 AD.

(Nisan 1, 444 BC) + (69 weeks/483 years/173,880 days) = Passover 33 AD

33 AD is the year Jesus entered Jerusalem on a donkey and presented Himself. Jesus demonstrated Himself as the spotless sacrificial lamb under inspection. Christ was the sacrificed Lamb of God of Passover. He was buried as the symbol for the Feast of Unleavened Bread. And Jesus Christ was raised from the dead, resurrected as the First Fruits.

Galatians 4:4-5 But when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, born of woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, so that we might receive adoption as sons.

Gabriel’s 70 Weeks: Why 70 Weeks? Part 2

Posted in #PaulthePoke, Angels, Prophecy with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on November 15, 2020 by paulthepoke

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city

God knew from the beginning of Israel being a nation, ultimately they would not let the land rest. Israel was commanded to let the land rest in Leviticus 25:1-5.

God let Israel know. If the land is not allowed to rest from your activity, then God would make sure the land would rest. The consequence of disobedience was prophetic.

Leviticus 26:34-35 Then the land shall enjoy its Sabbaths all the days it lies desolate, while you are in the land of your enemies. At that time the land will rest and enjoy its Sabbaths. As long as it lies desolate, the land will have the rest it did not receive during the Sabbaths when you lived in it.

Later, the concept is stated again.

Leviticus 26:43 But the land shall be abandoned by them and enjoy its Sabbaths while it lies desolate without them, and they shall make amends for their iniquity, because they spurned my rules and their soul abhorred my statutes.

God communicated His Law to Moses around 1446 BC as estimated by Biblical scholars.

By historical accounts, the practice of ignoring the land’s Sabbath rest began around the time of Samuel the prophet and judge around 1100 BC. Israel continued to farm for economic purposes and development. It did not make economic sense to let the land rest.

Fast forward to the prophet Jeremiah circa 627-580 BC.

In Jeremiah 25, the prophet is warning Judah and the city of Jerusalem. Because of your disobedience, 70 years of captivity are coming.

Jeremiah 25:11-12 This whole land shall become a ruin and a waste, and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon seventy years. Then after seventy years are completed, I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation, the land of the Chaldeans, for their iniquity, declares the LORD, making the land an everlasting waste.

Keep in mind, Daniel was already in Babylon in 605 BC under King Nebuchadnezzar’s first captivity of Jerusalem. Daniel was protected by God who knew the future of Jerusalem. Daniel was acutely aware of Jeremiah’s prophecy.

Daniel 9:2 in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, perceived in the books the number of years that, according to the word of the LORD to Jeremiah the prophet, must pass before the end of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely, seventy years.

In 586 BC, Jeremiah’s prophetic words would come to pass. Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar would capture and utterly destroy Jerusalem. Historians and commentators indicate the actual date was on the 9th of Av. A day which has become a national day of mourning for Israel.

2 Chronicles 36:20-21 He took into exile in Babylon those who had escaped from the sword, and they became servants to him and to his sons until the establishment of the kingdom of Persia, to fulfill the word of the LORD by the mouth of Jeremiah, until the land had enjoyed its Sabbaths. All the days that it lay desolate it kept Sabbath, to fulfill seventy years.

Now, there is the matter of Leviticus 26 and God’s consistent statement, I will punish you seven times more for your sins.

70 x 7 = 490

Israel’s punishment is not complete.

To be continued…

Gabriel’s 70 Weeks

Posted in #PaulthePoke, Angels, Prophecy with tags , , , on October 25, 2020 by paulthepoke

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are decreed about your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to put an end to sin, and to atone for iniquity, to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and to anoint a most holy place.

Most translations use the phrase “Seventy weeks”. The New International Version uses the phrase “seventy sevens”. The New Living Translation indicates “seventy sets of seven”.

The first part of the time equation is straight forward. Shibim is the Hebrew word for the number 70.

The second word is a bit more complicated as we see it from a western perspective. The Hebrew word of “weeks” is shabua. Per Strong’s Concordance, shabua is defined as a period of seven (days, years), heptad, week. The term is plural for the number seven.

The math is straight forward. 70 X 7 = 490.

So, is it 490 days or 490 years for the prophecy to be fulfilled?

Daniel 9:1 In the first year of Darius the son of Ahasuerus, by descent a Mede, who was made king over the realm of the Chaldeans…

We know from Daniel 9:1, that Gabriel is visiting Daniel in roughly 539 BC. We can rule out 490 literal days pretty easily. Sin did not come to an end. Atonement for sin and everlasting righteousness did not come to be in a little over a year.

Christ was not due on the scene for at least 500 years. If this were the case, currently in the 21st century would be past the Millennial Kingdom and into a blissful eternity… hardly the case.

There is also the day-year or the year-day principle. The idea is a day represents a year of time. Scripture supports this idea with the several examples. God Himself uses this principle after the Exodus in Numbers 14.

Numbers 14:34 According to the number of the days in which you spied out the land, forty days, a year for each day, you shall bear your iniquity forty years, and you shall know my displeasure.’

God instructed the prophet Ezekiel a day for a year on two separate occasions.

Ezekiel 4:5 For I assign to you a number of days, 390 days, equal to the number of the years of their punishment. So long shall you bear the punishment of the house of Israel.

Ezekiel 4:6 And when you have completed these, you shall lie down a second time, but on your right side, and bear the punishment of the house of Judah. Forty days I assign you, a day for each year.

Many liberal scholars will disagree. Some don’t think this passage in Daniel 9 is even prophetic. But the most likely answer is a 490 year time frame for this prophecy to be fulfilled.

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