Archive for April, 2015

First Fruits, Nisan 16, Sunday, 33 AD…The Resurrection

Posted in Gospel, Prophecy, Spring Feasts with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 26, 2015 by paulthepoke

The third of God’s holidays is First Fruits or Reshit Katzir in the Hebrew. The directions for First Fruits are noted in Leviticus 23:9-14. The priest is to make a barley offering of the first portion of the harvest to the Lord. The priest intervenes of behalf of the people. The reality of the holiday for the people of Israel is this. The people bring their grain sheaf to the priest. They are to sacrifice a lamb without blemish. The offering is also to be presented with bread and wine.

emptytomb

https://paulthepoke.com/2014/05/18/jesus-christs-resurrection-first-fruits/

The holiday begins on the day after the Sabbath or Sunday on our calendar. Jesus was raised on the first day of the week, Sunday. John 20:1 Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came early to the tomb, while it was still dark, and saw the stone already taken away from the tomb. See also Matthew 28:1, Mark 16:1-2, and Luke 24:1.

The gospel accounts confirm the stone had been rolled away and open. The tomb was empty. Matthew 28:1-8, Mark 16:1-9, Luke 24:1-8.

Barley is the first grain harvest of the spring harvest. Jesus is the first fruits of the resurrection. 1 Corinthians 15:20-22 But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. 

When looking at a Hebrew calendar, there are four possible years that have the spring holidays in a Friday (Jesus was crucified), Saturday (He was in the grave), Sunday (Christ was resurrected) sequence. These years are 30 AD, 33 AD, 36 AD, and 40 AD.

Luke 3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod was tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip was tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias was tetrarch of Abilene…  The issue is Philip, Herod’s brother. Historians have Philip’s death at 34 AD. Jesus had to be crucified before 34 AD.

https://sites.google.com/site/calendarstudies/bible-studies/bible_study_year_of_crucifixion

36 AD and 40 AD are omitted. These two possibilities would have the ministry of Jesus longer than 3 to 3 1/2 years as stated in Scripture. The dates would have the ministry lasting 6-10 years or more. These two dates would have Jesus over 40 years old. Jesus was about 30 years old when He started His ministry (Luke 3:23).

That leaves 30 AD and 33 AD. Before these dates, Jesus is too young to start His ministry.

The weekend of Nisan 14-16, 33 AD is the only possibility of a blood red lunar eclipse as verified by the Apostle Peter in Acts 2. THE SUN WILL BE TURNED INTO DARKNESS AND THE MOON INTO BLOOD…

https://paulthepoke.com/2015/04/19/unleavened-bread-nisan-15-saturday-33-ad-part-2/

Jesus was resurrected on the Feast of First Fruits, Nisan 16, 33 AD.

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Unleavened Bread, Nisan 15, Saturday, 33 AD, Part 2

Posted in Gospel, Prophecy, Spring Feasts with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 19, 2015 by paulthepoke

Acts 2:19-22 ‘AND I WILL GRANT WONDERS IN THE SKY ABOVE AND SIGNS ON THE EARTH BELOW, BLOOD, AND FIRE, AND VAPOR OF SMOKE. THE SUN WILL BE TURNED INTO DARKNESS AND THE MOON INTO BLOOD, BEFORE THE GREAT AND GLORIOUS DAY OF THE LORD SHALL COME. AND IT SHALL BE THAT EVERYONE WHO CALLS ON THE NAME OF THE LORD WILL BE SAVED.’

crossmoon

The context of these verses is the day of Pentecost after the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ. Pentecost is 49 days after the First Fruits or the resurrection. It is referred to as Shavuot in the Hebrew. Peter is quoting the prophet Joel 2:30-32a.

Acts 2:22 “Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know—

The Apostle Peter brings the definitive hammer when it comes to the timing of the year of these events.

THE SUN WILL BE TURNED INTO DARKNESS… a solar eclipse.

AND THE MOON INTO BLOOD… a lunar eclipse.

The mathematical work of German Johannes Kepler’s allows us to map the exact location of the sun, moon, planets, and stars in time and space. Kepler developed the Laws of Planetary Motion.

THE SUN WILL BE TURNED INTO DARKNESS AND THE MOON INTO BLOOD…There is only year this could be. There was a solar eclipse on the Jewish New Year, spring equinox, Nisan 1, 33 AD. There was a lunar eclipse, a blood red moon hours after Jesus died on the cross. The moon rose in eclipse as viewed by the people of Jerusalem, Nisan 15, 33 AD.

http://www.bethlehemstar.net/the-day-of-the-cross/peters-argument/

Two Romanian astronomers, Mircea and Oproiu, used a computer program that checked astronomical data against Bible references. Their work confirmed the same date, Nisan 15 (April 3), 33 AD. See link for more detail.

http://www.heraldscotland.com/sport/spl/aberdeen/astronomers-work-out-hour-jesus-died-1.119063

Even NASA (an agency hardly friendly to the Bible) confirms this date in 33 AD.

http://eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov/LEhistory/LEhistory.html

Remember, Pilate was in office.  Pontius Pilate was the prefect of Judaea from 26 to 36 AD.

Peter is reminding the audience. They ALL saw these events. There was no denying it.

Peter saw Jesus walk on water. Peter walked on water himself for a time (Matthew 14).

Peter saw Jesus, Moses, and Elijah in glorified bodies at the Transfiguration (Matthew 17).

Despite all of these events, the timing of the solar eclipse, and the blood moon, the words of the Bible are more reliable than your senses.

2 Peter 1:19 So we have the prophetic word made more sure, to which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts.

Unleavened Bread, Nisan 15, Saturday, 33 AD

Posted in Gospel, Prophecy, Spring Feasts with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 12, 2015 by paulthepoke

The second of God’s holidays is Unleavened Bread or Chag haMatazt in the Hebrew. The holiday begins on the 15th of Nisan and runs for seven days.

The directions for Unleavened Bread are noted in Exodus 12:15-20. The focus of the week is to live a life without leaven, the symbol for sin. Leaven is not to be in the house. Leaven products are not to be consumed. Bread without yeast, matzah, is to be eaten.

matzah

Scripture is clear God’s appointed Unleavened Bread took place on the Sabbath. Luke 23:56 Then they returned and prepared spices and perfumes. And on the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment.

Matthew 27:62-66 Now on the next day, the day after the preparation, the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered together with Pilate, and said, “Sir, we remember that when He was still alive that deceiver said, ‘After three days I am to rise again.’ Therefore, give orders for the grave to be made secure until the third day, otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and say to the people, ‘He has risen from the dead,’ and the last deception will be worse than the first.” Pilate said to them, “You have a guard; go, make it as secure as you know how.” And they went and made the grave secure, and along with the guard they set a seal on the stone.

The religious leaders’ actions indicate the days of the week these events took place. Now on the next day, the day after the preparation… “The next day” is the day after the crucifixion. We know Jesus died on Friday, the day before the current day of the verse. That next day is Saturday or the Sabbath. The Pharisees were concerned with the apostles or followers of Jesus stealing His body. The Pharisees understood Jesus was talking about a resurrection of His dead body. They knew Jesus was calling for a resurrection on the third day, Sunday. The Pharisees wanted a guard at the tomb to stop any hoax. In the end, they provided eyewitnesses and verification of Jesus’ resurrection.

Because Unleavened Bread took place on the Sabbath or Saturday, Passover was on Friday. First Fruits was on Sunday.

Leaven is a symbol of sin. Jesus lived a life without sin (leaven). 2 Corinthians 5:21 He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. Jesus is the unleavened bread.

He is the bread of life. John 6:35 Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; he who comes to Me will not hunger, and he who believes in Me will never thirst.  

Jesus was buried and in the grave on the Feast of Unleavened Bread, a Sabbath or Saturday.

Passover, Nisan 14, Friday, 33 AD

Posted in Gospel, Prophecy, Spring Feasts with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 9, 2015 by paulthepoke

John 19:31 Then the Jews, because it was the day of preparation, so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. The Sabbath is Saturday. The day before Saturday is Friday. The Jews wanted to make sure everyone was dead before the Sabbath.

John 18:39 “But you have a custom that I release someone for you at the Passover; do you wish then that I release for you the King of the Jews?” – Pilate

John 19:14 Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover; it was about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold, your King!” – Pilate

Luke 22:15 And He said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer… -Jesus. Remember the sun had already set. The new day had begun and it was early Friday. With God, the next day starts when the sun sets on the previous day (Genesis 1, Creation Week).

Luke 23:54 It was the preparation day, and the Sabbath was about to begin.

Mark 15:42 When evening had already come, because it was the preparation day, that is, the day before the SabbathThe context of these 2 verses (Luke 23, Mark 15) is the preparation of Jesus’ body in the tomb before sundown. There was a mad dash to get Jesus off of the cross and buried before the Sabbath. It was not yet Saturday, so it had to be Friday.

Jesus, the Passover lamb, died the day before the Sabbath on Friday.

goodfriday

Passover, Nisan 14, 9 AM – 3 PM, 33 AD

Posted in Gospel, Prophecy, Spring Feasts with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on April 4, 2015 by paulthepoke

Exodus 29:38-42 Now this is what you shall offer on the altar: two one year old lambs each day, continuously. The one lamb you shall offer in the morning and the other lamb you shall offer at twilight…

boundlamb

There are two sacrifices per day. One is in the morning and one is in the afternoon at twilight. The daily sacrifices (morning and evening) are to be given with a bread and wine offering (Exodus 29:40-42). The daily offering directions are restated in Numbers 28:1-8.

This sacrifice is to be done continuously or tamid in the Hebrew. Per Strong’s Concordance, tamid means: continuity, perpetuity, to stretch, continually, continuously (as adverb).

The book of Acts offers a clue as to the time of the evening sacrifice. Acts 3:1 Now Peter and John were going up to the temple at the ninth hour, the hour of prayer. To the Hebrew, the ninth hour of daylight is 3 p.m. in the afternoon. The hour of prayer was also the time of the afternoon sacrifice (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews; Mishnah ; Philo of Alexandria).

For more detail regarding the timing of twilight, see the link below.

https://paulthepoke.com/2015/03/31/passover-nisan-14-twilight-33-ad-part-1/

The Hebrew word for “morning” is boqer. Per Strong’s, it means: morning, break of day; of end of night; of coming of daylight; of coming of sunrise; of beginning of day; of bright joy after night of distress (fig.).

This is the same word on day one, in the beginning…Genesis 1:5 God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.

A specific time is not indicated in the Bible for the specific time of the morning sacrifice. Extra Biblical sources such as Josephus, Philo, and the Mishnah (oral teaching of the Mosaic Law) indicate the morning, daily sacrifice took place at the third hour of daylight or 9 a.m.

Moving forward roughly 1,500 years from Moses and the Law. The day is Nisan 14, 33 AD. Mark 15:25 It was the third hour when they crucified Him.

Mark 15:34, 37 At the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “ELOI, ELOI, LAMA SABACHTHANI?” which is translated, “MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAVE YOU FORSAKEN ME?” And Jesus uttered a loud cry, and breathed His last.

The crucifixion started at the third hour of daylight or 9 a.m. He died at the ninth hour of daylight or 3 p.m. These are the same times as the perpetual sacrifice as directed by God to Moses in Exodus 29 and Numbers 28.

While Christ was on the cross, the oral teachings (Mishnah) and prayers of the priests in the Temple focused on four topics: redemption, forgiveness, the coming of the Messiah, and the resurrection of the dead. The priests and people prayed these topics every day at the time of the morning and evening sacrifice.

http://www.thesacredpage.com/2010/04/jewish-roots-of-jesus-passion-and-death.html

The directions and ritual of the continual, daily sacrifice from the Mosaic Law scream, “JESUS”!

Jesus’ death on the cross is the perpetual and eternal sacrifice for all of time. Sin happens every day. Today in the church age, we commemorate His death by communion with the elements of bread and wine. His death is the tamid sacrifice for sin.

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