Archive for adonai

Isaiah 10:33-34 God, the Lumberjack

Posted in Isaiah, Prophecy with tags , , , , , , , , on December 22, 2013 by paulthepoke

Isaiah 10:33-34 Behold, the Lord, the GOD of hosts, will lop off the boughs with a terrible crash; those also who are tall in stature will be cut down and those who are lofty will be abased. He will cut down the thickets of the forest with an iron axe, and Lebanon will fall by the Mighty One.

Who is coming? The meaning of God’s names in this context are: Adonai (The Master), Yahweh (the Existing One). The grammar in the Hebrew indicates God is the cause. He is doing this repeatedly and intensively. The actions are extended and intentional. Descriptively, the actions are shocking and terrifying. This is a shock and awe campaign.

This is the same Lebanon that borders present day Israel to the north. Lebanon was known for their forests. It was a significant source of income. The trees are a sign of economic prosperity. Today on Lebanon’s flag is the very Cedar of Lebanon. These trees grow primarily in the mountains of the Mediterranean region. They grow up to 130 feet tall with a trunk of up to 8 feet in diameter. The wood of the cedar is disease resistant and slow to decay. Timber came from here to build the temple under Solomon. Cedar is the chosen wood of God’s temple. The temple built by Solomon was primarily made of cedar. 1 Kings 6 gives significant detail regarding the temple. Lebanon’s physical resource of lumber will be destroyed.

The verses are a reminder to the Assyrian. He is a tool of iron, an axe. The Assyrian is under the direction of God. Isaiah 10:15 Is the axe to boast itself over the one who chops with it? Is the saw to exalt itself over the one who wields it? That would be like a club wielding those who lift it, or like a rod lifting him who is not wood. To the Assyrian, “This is how you wield an axe!”

A pattern of Scripture is noted in this verse along with other places in the Bible: trees, like proud men, are coming down. Psalm 29:5 confirms this fact. The voice of the LORD breaks the cedars; Yes, the LORD breaks in pieces the cedars of Lebanon.

Isaiah 2:13 And it will be against all the cedars of Lebanon that are lofty and lifted up,

Pride will be humbled. God will take care of that.

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Isaiah 10:16 Burn, Burn, Burn!

Posted in Isaiah with tags , , , , , , , , , on October 27, 2013 by paulthepoke

Isaiah 10:16 Therefore the Lord, the GOD of hosts, will send a wasting disease among his stout warriors; and under his glory a fire will be kindled like a burning flame.

There are three names or concepts of God mentioned in the initial part of this verse.

Adonai is the Hebrew term that is translated “Lord”. It can mean ruler, master, owner, or sovereign. The word is plural. When Adonai is the term for God, it indicates His absolute sovereignty and greatness (The Doctrine of God, Chester McCalley).

Yahweh YHWH (scholars refer to this as the Tetragrammaton, Greek for four letters) is the proper name of the Hebrew God of the Bible. The correct spelling is YHWH. Note there are no vowels in this term. Vowels from the name Adonai were substituted and the term Yahweh emerged. Jehovah is a word that has been translated to English from the Hebrew, Yahweh. The name for LORD is Jehovah. It means the existing one. This name is so sacred, Jews refuse to pronounce it. The name is first introduced in Exodus 3:14 when Moses and God are having a discussion. His name is a statement of existence. Exodus 3:14 God said to Moses, “I AM WHO I AM”; and He said, “Thus you shall say to the sons of Israel, ‘I AM has sent me to you.’”

Lord of Hosts is a military term. He commands the armies or angels.

The king of Assyria has been informed who is in control and in charge of the situation. God is intentionally sending a nasty disease to the Assyrian army. This disease will affect the strongest and most vigorous of the troops, the fat ones.

… and under his glory a fire will be kindled like a burning flame. The Hebrew language is repetitive with this portion of the verse. Another loose translation could read …burn, burn, burn, burn! The last reference in the verse for flame is the Hebrew word ‘esh. One of the definitions for this word according to Strong’s is a supernatural fire with accompanying theophany. To the king of Assyria, fire is coming. Is this a hint of what is to come?

Isaiah 10:12-14 Assyrian Arrogance, Part 2

Posted in Isaiah with tags , , , , , , , on October 13, 2013 by paulthepoke

Isaiah 10:12 So it will be that when the Lord has completed all His work on Mount Zion and on Jerusalem, He will say, “I will punish the fruit of the arrogant heart of the king of Assyria and the pomp of his haughtiness.”

This verse brings to a close the judgment on Israel. The series of four judgments began in Isaiah 9:12. God is proclaiming that His current job in Jerusalem is finished. The phrase, In spite of all this, His anger does not turn away and His hand is still stretched out…, has been completed four times and has come to a close.

Adonai is the Hebrew term that is translated “Lord”. It can mean ruler, master, owner, or sovereign. The word is plural. When Adonai is the term for God, it indicates His absolute sovereignty and greatness (The Doctrine of God, Chester McCalley). God is in charge and not the king of Assyria.

God’s punishment will be directed towards the “fruit” or children of the king.

Look at the adjectives and other translations and how they describe the king of Assyria.

The king’s heart is described as prideful and insolent. The pride is great in magnificence and magnitude. His haughtiness and arrogance are described as glorious and splendorous.

Isaiah 10:13-14 For he has said, “By the power of my hand and by my wisdom I did this, For I have understanding; and I removed the boundaries of the peoples and plundered their treasures, and like a mighty man I brought down their inhabitants, and my hand reached to the riches of the peoples like a nest, and as one gathers abandoned eggs, I gathered all the earth; and there was not one that flapped its wing or opened its beak or chirped.”

Here is a direct quote from the king of Assyria. God is directly quoting the king. Look at the number of times “my” and “I” are used. “My” is noted three times. “I” is noted five times. This guy is a real team player. He did it all by himself.

The king sees himself as a strong and brilliant leader. There are no boundaries for this guy. He goes where he wants. He admits he steals from others from all of the earth. He brags about conquering and looting. He takes whatever he pleases. No one can contest him as he sees it. This guy is a real leader recognizing the efforts of those around him and supporting him, not!

Isaiah 6:1 A Shift in Scenery

Posted in Isaiah with tags , , , , , on October 14, 2012 by paulthepoke

In the year of King Uzziah’s death I saw the Lord sitting on a throne, lofty and exalted, with the train of His robe filling the temple.  

Isaiah 6, the scene shifts to the throne room of Heaven.

King Uzziah was the tenth king of Judah. His name means: strength of Jehovah according to Strong’s Concordance. 2 Chronicles 26:1 And all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in the place of his father Amaziah. 2 Chronicles 26:3 Uzziah was sixteen years old when he became king, and he reigned fifty-two years in Jerusalem…He generally did what the Lord approved according to 26:4. Military strength was a hallmark of his reign. Later in life, his pride got the best of him. 2 Chronicles 26:16 But when he became strong, his heart was so proud that he acted corruptly, and he was unfaithful to the LORD his God, for he entered the temple of the LORD to burn incense on the altar of incense. In 2 Kings 15:1-8, Uzziah is also called Azariah. King Uzziah is in the family tree of Jesus (Matthew 1:8-9). His death is estimated to be in the year 740 BC.

The Hebrew word for Lord is adonai. It can be a reference to men or to God. In the case of God, it is capitalized. It means master or sovereign according to Strong’s. Adonai is plural and it recognizes His greatness and majesty (Systematic Theology, Chester McCalley).

The greatness and majesty is also emphasized with the throne room in Heaven. The adjectives that describe the throne room include: dignity, authority, power, lofty, and exalted. The robe filling the throne room is another symbol of His greatness.

Isaiah 4:4 Getting Rid of the Filth

Posted in Isaiah with tags , , , , , , , , on May 6, 2012 by paulthepoke

Isaiah 4:4 When the Lord has washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion and purged the bloodshed of Jerusalem from her midst, by the spirit of judgment and the spirit of burning,

Adonai is the Hebrew for Lord in this verse. It means ruler, master, owner, or sovereign. It can be used of man or of deity. Adonai is plural. When in reference to God, it emphasizes His sovereignty and majestic greatness. Definition per Systematic Theology The Doctrine of God, Chester McCalley.

Filth or tsow’ah in the Hebrew is defined as filth, excrement, or dung. The root of this word is noted in Zechariah 3:3-4 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments and standing before the angel. He spoke and said to those who were standing before him, saying, “Remove the filthy garments from him.” Again he said to him, “See, I have taken your iniquity away from you and will clothe you with festal robes.” In these two verses, some have translated these “filthy garments” as menstrual rags. Whether it is dung or menstrual rags, it is equated with sin or iniquity.

The filth is in reference to excesses of the women in Isaiah 3:18-24. God equates excessive materialism with moral decay. Frankly in today’s vocabulary, all that stuff is a bunch of crap. All of the materialism and bloodshed will be washed and rinsed away.

This judgment will take place as a result of a “spirit”. The word for spirit is ruwach in Hebrew. This is the word that can mean spirit or wind. There is debate as to whether this would be a physical wind or storm that would bring about destruction. Some think the washing away mentioned previously in the verse could be a violent storm with wind and rain. The other possibility is the Spirit of the Lord could bring about judgment. It is plausible that it could be both.

The grammar indicates that a judgment is taking place. The result is an intensive and intentional action to kindle, burn, consume, and remove guilt. There is no doubt the party being  judged is guilty.

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