Archive for Israel Antiquities Authority

Dead Sea Scrolls and the Cave of Horror

Posted in #PaulthePoke, Trend Update with tags , , , , , , , , , , on March 17, 2021 by paulthepoke
Part of the Book of the Twelve Minor Prophets scroll, written in Greek.
Shai Halevi, IAA

March 2021, Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA): It has been 60 years since there have been archaeological finds of the Dead Sea Scrolls. Research in the Judean Desert has unearthed Greek translations of the Bible prophets Nahum and Zechariah.

The scroll was found in the “Cave of Horror”. The cave got its name when discovered in the 1950’s. There were skeletons from over 40 people found in the cave. The cavern is tucked away 80 meters below the top of the ridge.

Other finds include a woven basket with a lid. Archaeologists estimate the basket to be over 10,500 years old per carbon dating provided by Professor Elisabetta Boaretto of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot. The basket has a volume of up to 100 liters.

Cache of Bar Kokhba coins as found.
Ofer Sion, IAA

A mummified child was discovered. Data suggests the child was aged from 6 to 12 years in age and lived approximately 6,000 years ago.

Coins from the Bar Kochba revolt were found. This historic event occurred in 133 to 135 A.D. Other artifacts from the same era included: arrow and spear tips, woven fabric, sandals, and lice combs.

For those interested in more detail, click on the link below.

https://www.haaretz.com/archaeology/.premium-israel-finds-new-dead-sea-scroll-first-such-discovery-in-60-years-1.9621317

Archaeologists and journalists are intrigued and excited about the material finds in the cave. However, not much has been written about the message of the Scripture discovered.

Granted, critics and naysayers would disagree. But, these are two passages from two prophets. A prophet or a nabi in the Hebrew is a spokesman or a speaker on behalf of God. These prophets are delivering instructions and a warning to us in the 21st century.

Zechariah penned these verses about 2,500 years ago.

Zechariah 8:16-17 These are the things that you shall do: Speak the truth to one another; render in your gates judgments that are true and make for peace; do not devise evil in your hearts against one another, and love no false oath, for all these things I hate, declares the LORD.

Nahum wrote these words about 2,680 years ago.

Nahum 1:5-6 The mountains quake before Him; the hills melt; the earth heaves before Him, the world and all who dwell in it. Who can stand before His indignation? Who can endure the heat of His anger? His wrath is poured out like fire, and the rocks are broken into pieces by Him.

For those who are willing to read one more verse in Nahum.

Nahum 1:7 The LORD is good, a stronghold in the day of trouble; He knows those who take refuge in Him.

Are these verses for our world today and a message from God? So what do you think? God’s providential timing or mere chance and coincidence?

“Christ Born of Mary”

Posted in #PaulthePoke, Culture with tags , , , , , , , , , on January 20, 2021 by paulthepoke

Luke 2:16 And they went with haste and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby lying in a manger.

January 20, 2021, Taibe, Israel: Archeologists have unearthed a Christian settlement near Nazareth. The church has been dated about 1,500 years ago. The church is described as a Byzantine era structure in the town of Taibe. An inscription was discovered on a wall of the church. It states, “Christ born of Mary”.

Churches from the era of the Crusades have been discovered in this region but nothing earlier until now.

“The importance of the inscription is that until now we didn’t know for certain that there were churches from this period in this area,” Israel Antiquities Authority Archaeologist Walid Atrash.

Tzachi Lang/Israel Antiquities Authority
https://www.timesofisrael.com/christ-born-of-mary-1st-proof-of-early-christianity-found-in-galilee-village/

For more details regarding this story, check out the link below from the Times of Israel.

https://www.timesofisrael.com/christ-born-of-mary-1st-proof-of-early-christianity-found-in-galilee-village/

Archeological information continues to pour out of Israel. The message of the Bible and hard, physical evidence from the 21st century are consistent. Jesus has been called the Christ or the Messiah for last 2,000 plus years. The latest example is this find from the 5th century.

Ancient Beka Found Near Temple Mount in Jerusalem

Posted in Temple, Trend Update with tags , , , , , , , , on November 25, 2018 by paulthepoke

Exodus 30:13-16 This is what everyone who is numbered shall give: half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary (the shekel is twenty gerahs), half a shekel as a contribution to the Lord. Everyone who is numbered, from twenty years old and over, shall give the contribution to the Lord. The rich shall not pay more and the poor shall not pay less than the half shekel, when you give the contribution to the Lord to make atonement for yourselves. You shall take the atonement money from the sons of Israel and shall give it for the service of the tent of meeting, that it may be a memorial for the sons of Israel before the Lord, to make atonement for yourselves.”

beka Eliyahu Yanai David TOI

Photo: Eliyahu Yanai, City of David, Times of Israel

November 2018: An ancient weight from the first Temple era has been discovered in Jerusalem. The “beka” has been found in an archeological dig. A “beka” was used by Jews to pay the half-shekel Temple tax as mandated by the Law in Exodus 30 as noted in the verses above.

The term “beka” is noted two places in the Bible. The first notation is with Rebekah and Abraham’s servant Eliezer.

Genesis 24:22 When the camels had finished drinking, the man took a gold ring weighing a beka and two bracelets for her wrists weighing ten shekels in gold…

The second and last mention is in regards to the individual payment of the Temple tax.

Exodus 38:26 a beka a head (that is, half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary), for each one who passed over to those who were numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for 603,550 men.

A Biblical shekel weighs 11.33 grams. Two beka equal one shekel. One beka equals 5.67 grams. Ten gerah equal a beka.

The “beka” was located in Jerusalem’s Emek Tzurim National Park. Specifically, it was found at the foundation of the Western Wall. The pebble was found during 2013 excavations under Robinson’s Arch. The dirt came from a drainage canal under the foundation of the Western Wall. This location would be next to Solomon’s Temple.

Eli Shukron was in charge of the dig on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority. Shukron made the following statement.

“When the half-shekel tax was brought to the Temple during the First Temple period, there were no coins, so they used silver ingots. In order to calculate the weight of these silver pieces they would put them on one side of the scales and on the other side they placed the beka weight. The beka was equivalent to the half-shekel, which every person from the age of 20 years and up was required to bring to the Temple.”

“This three thousand-year-old beka weight, inscribed with ancient Hebrew was likely used in the First Temple, anchoring once again, the deep historical connection of the Jewish People to Jerusalem,” said Doron Spielman, Vice President of the City of David Foundation which funded the excavation.

https://www.timesofisrael.com/straight-from-the-bible-tiny-first-temple-stone-weight-unearthed-in-jerusalem/

 

In the 21st century, the modern-day Sanhedrin has revived the law or mitzvah for the half-shekel levy (roughly $4 in today’s economy). The cause is to rebuild the third Temple.

Here is today’s version of the half-shekel Temple tax…

Temple Coin Sputnik

Photo: Sputnik News

https://paulthepoke.com/?s=half+shekel

 

Stone Carving… Yerushalayim

Posted in Prophecy, Trend Update with tags , , , , , , on October 11, 2018 by paulthepoke

Joshua 10:1 As soon as Adoni-zedek, king of Jerusalem, heard how Joshua had captured Ai and had devoted it to destruction, doing to Ai and its king as he had done to Jericho and its king, and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were among them…

This is the first mention of the city of Jerusalem in the Bible. Granted, some would argue the appearance of Melchizedek as the king of Salem is the first mention of the city. Jerusalem means “teaching of peace” or “city of peace”.

Historically, this mention of Jerusalem is roughly 1,400 years before the birth of Christ. This is about 3,400 years ago from our current time in the 21st century.

October 2018: A stone carving from the 2nd Temple era is now on display at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem. The carving is approximately 2,100 years old. Its dating is estimated to be 100 BC. The carving reads, “Hananiah son of Dodalos of Yerushalayim.”

Yerushalayim is how the capital is articulated and enunciated in Hebrew today in 2018 (Gregorian calendar).

The stone was unearthed near the modern-day Jerusalem International Convention Center. The stone was found about a mile and a half from the ancient city limits.

The find was directed by archaeologist Danit Levi of the Israel Antiquities Authority.

Jerusalem Stone Danit Levy Israel Antiquities Authority

Photo: Danit Levy, Israel Antiquities Authority

The Director of the Israel Museum is Professor Ido Bruno. He made the following quote regarding the stone carving.

“Every child who knows a few letters of Hebrew can read it and understand that 2000 years ago, Jerusalem was written and spelled like today.”

For more details regarding the find, click the following link.

https://www.timesofisrael.com/earliest-known-stone-carving-of-hebrew-word-jerusalem-found-near-city-entrance/

 

In case there is any question to the ownership of Jerusalem…

Zechariah 8:3 Thus says the Lord: I have returned to Zion and will dwell in the midst of Jerusalem, and Jerusalem shall be called the faithful city, and the mountain of the Lord of hosts, the holy mountain.

 

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