Archive for Sardis

Revelation: Sardis…”But You Are Dead”

Posted in Prophecy, Revelation with tags , , , , , on July 15, 2017 by paulthepoke

Revelation 3:1 “To the angel of the church in Sardis write: He who has the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars, says this: ‘I know your deeds, that you have a name that you are alive, but you are dead…

…you have a nameThe Greek word is ονομα/onoma. Strong’s Concordance defines onoma as: the name is used for everything which the name covers, everything the thought or feeling of which is aroused in the mind by mentioning, hearing, remembering, the name, i.e. for one’s rank, authority, interests, pleasure, command, excellences, deeds etc.

The church at Sardis thought they were a big deal. They had a lofty impression of their local body. Believers in Sardis had a self-proclaimed reputation of tremendous character. Just ask them. The name of Sardis was full of pride.

“This is the church at Sardis! We are hot stuff and welcome to our exclusive Country Club!”

…that you are alive…The church at Sardis was ζαο/zao in the Greek. The syntax of the verse indicates they viewed themselves in a continual state of greatness. They perceived themselves to have an abundant zeal for Christian living and lifestyle. The local body in Sardis thought they were the model church, refreshing with vitality. Humility was not a strong suit.

Zao is defined as: to live, breathe, be among the living (not lifeless, not dead); to have true life and worthy of the name; active, blessed, endless in the kingdom of God; living water, having vital power in itself and exerting the same upon the soul. Metaphorically: to be in full vigor; to be fresh, strong, and efficient. (Strong’s Concordance)

 

There is how a church or a believer views themselves, then there is how Jesus assesses the situation.

…but you are dead. Jesus said those in Sardis were νεκροσ/nekros. Here is the word defined by Strongs’: One that has breathed his last, lifeless; deceased, departed, one whose soul is in heaven or hell; destitute of life, without life, inanimate. Metaphorically: spiritually dead; destitute of a life that recognizes and is devoted to God, because given up to trespasses and sins; inactive as respects doing right; destitute of force or power, inactive, inoperative.

The church at Sardis viewed itself in a continual state of life and living. Jesus viewed the local believers in a continual state of physical and spiritual death. Jesus saw them as a group who had been turned over to their sins. The two views stood in complete, polar opposites.

The practical application for us as believers is to get over our inflated opinions of self. What Jesus thinks of us is more important than how we see ourselves.

 

 

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Revelation: Sardis, God is All-Knowing

Posted in Prophecy, Revelation with tags , , , , , , on July 8, 2017 by paulthepoke

Revelation 3:1 “To the angel of the church in Sardis write: He who has the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars, says this: ‘I know your deeds…

Jesus knows and yes He is God the Son. He possesses the attributes of God. One of these attributes is omniscience. He is all knowing.

This is οἶδα/oida in the Greek. It means: to see or to perceive with the eyes; to perceive by any of the senses; to pay attention, observe, inspect, examine; to know of anything; get knowledge, understand, perceive of any fact. (Strong’s Concordance)

Jesus absolutely perceives and knows everything completely!

God is omniscient. God knows all things completely, including past, present, future, actual, and possible. -Chester McCalley

Psalms 147:4-5 He counts the number of the stars; He gives names to all of them. Great is our Lord and abundant in strength; His understanding is infinite.

Imagine the number and vocabulary…

 

God knows all of us personally and in great detail. His omniscience encompasses many aspects of our lives and all other topics. God knows the number of hairs on our head. He knows about all of us before we were born to the number of days appointed in our lives. The following examples in Psalm 139 demonstrate the depth of God’s knowledge as it relates to our individual lives.

Psalms 139:13 For You formed my inward parts; You wove me in my mother’s womb. 

The same concept of being known to God before conception is noted in regards to the prophet Jeremiah.

Jeremiah 1:5 “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I consecrated you; I have appointed you a prophet to the nations.”

 

God knows us better than we know ourselves. He knows every little detail of our lives, all 7 billion plus of us on planet Earth.

Psalms 139:2-4 You know when I sit down and when I rise up; You understand my thought from afar. You scrutinize my path and my lying down, and are intimately acquainted with all my ways. Even before there is a word on my tongue, Behold, O LORD, You know it all. 

Psalm 139:6 Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is too high, I cannot attain to it.

Psalm 139:17 How precious also are Your thoughts to me, O God! How vast is the sum of them!

 

God knows all things as it relates to time. His knowledge extends across all aspects of time: past, present, and future.

Past-Acts 15:18 SAYS THE LORD, WHO MAKES THESE THINGS KNOWN FROM LONG AGO.

Present-Psalm 33:13 The LORD looks from heaven; He sees all the sons of men;

Future-Isaiah 42:9 “Behold, the former things have come to pass, now I declare new things; before they spring forth I proclaim them to you.”

Hypothetical-Matthew 11:23 And you people of Capernaum, will you be exalted to heaven? No, you will be brought down to the place of the dead. For if the miracles I did for you had been done in Sodom, it would still be here today.

 

There are no secrets with God.

Psalm 90:8 You have placed our iniquities before You, our secret sins in the light of Your presence.

Framework of study provided by Systematic Theology, The Doctrine of God, Chester McCalley

http://wordoftruthkc.org/

 

 

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Revelation: Sardis, Seven Aspects of the Spirit

Posted in Isaiah, Prophecy, Revelation with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on June 25, 2017 by paulthepoke

Revelation 3:1 “To the angel of the church in Sardis write: He who has the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars, says this: 

The Bible is clear. The grammar and syntax in reference to the “Spirit” are singular. There is one Spirit of God with seven aspects or characteristics.

Isaiah 11:2 defines the seven aspects of the Spirit. This is the character of the Holy Spirit.

Isaiah 11:2 The Spirit of the Lord will rest on Him,
The spirit of wisdom and understanding,
The spirit of counsel and strength,
The spirit of knowledge and the fear of the Lord.

These are the aspects of the Spirit: 1) The Lord, 2) wisdom, 3) understanding, 4) counsel, 5) strength, 6) knowledge, and 7) fear of the Lord.

The Spirit of the Lord…The Hebrew word for Lord is YHWH. The Spirit of YHWH. Scholars refer to this as the Tetragrammaton, Greek for four letters. This is the proper name of the Hebrew God of the Bible. The correct spelling is YHWH. Note there are no vowels in this term. Vowels from the name Adonai were substituted and the term Yahweh emerged. Jehovah is a word that has been translated to English from the Hebrew, Yahweh. The name for Lord is Jehovah. It means The Existing One. This name is so sacred, Jews refuse to pronounce it. His name is a statement of existence.

Wisdom…The Hebrew word is chokmah. It means: skill (in war); wisdom (in administration); shrewdness; prudence (in religious affairs); wisdom (ethical and religious). This about the application of knowledge.

Understanding…The Hebrew word is biynah. It means: understanding, discernment; act; faculty; object; personified.

Counsel…The Hebrew word is `etsah. It means: counsel, advice, purpose, consult.

Strength…The Hebrew word is ga buwrah. It means: might; valour, bravery; mighty deeds (of God).

Knowledge…The Hebrew word is da`ath. It means: perception, skill; discernment, understanding.

Proverbs 1:7 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge; fools despise wisdom and instruction.

In this verse, the Hebrew word for “fear” is yir’ah. It can be translated: fear, terror, fearing, awesome or terrifying thing (object causing fear); fear (of God); respect, reverence, piety, revered. -Strong’s Concordance.

The term yara’ (noted in Proverbs 1:7 and Isaiah 8:12) is the common word for fear in the Old Testament and has a basic three-fold range of meanings: 1) “dread; terror” (Deuteronomy 1:29, Jonah 1:10), 2) “to stand in awe” (I Kings 3:28), 3) “to revere; to respect” (Leviticus 19:3). With the Lord as the object, it captures the polar opposites of shrinking back in fear and drawing close in awe and adoration (NET Bible notes).

The seven aspects or characteristics of the Spirit.

Revelation: Sardis, One Spirit

Posted in Prophecy, Resurrection with tags , , , , , , , , on June 17, 2017 by paulthepoke

Revelation 3:1 “To the angel of the church in Sardis write: He who has the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars, says this: 

Who has the seven Spirits of God and the seven stars? Well, that would be Jesus. We know this from the letter to the church at Ephesus from Revelation 2:1. Jesus is giving us a reminder and a review plus some additional information. The review is regarding the seven stars.

Revelation 2:1a “To the angel of the church in Ephesus write: The One who holds the seven stars in His right hand…

The One who holds the seven stars in His right hand…What are stars? The answer is given in Revelation 1:20b …the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches… Stars are angels of the churches.

 

The new information is regarding the seven Spirits of God.

In the New Testament, the Greek word for “Spirit” is πνεῦμα/pneuma. Per Strong’s Concordance, pneuma is defined in this context as: the third person of the triune God, the Holy Spirit, coequal, coeternal with the Father and the Son; sometimes referred to in a way which emphasizes his personality and character as the Holy Spirit; sometimes referred to in a way which emphasizes his work and power as the Spirit of Truth; never referred to as a depersonalized force.

This is not Star Wars. The Spirit is not the Force…The Spirit is a person of the Trinity.

Four times in the book of Revelation, the seven Spirits of God are referenced. See Revelation 1:4, 3:1, 4:5, and 5:6.

Scripture informs the seven Spirits of God are before the throne in Revelation 1:4 and 4:5.

Revelation 4:5b defines the issue of the seven Spirits of God. Lamps equal seven Spirits.

Revelation 4:5b And there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God;

Revelation 5:6 reveals more information regarding the seven Spirits of God.

Revelation 5:6 And I saw between the throne (with the four living creatures) and the elders a Lamb standing, as if slain, having seven horns and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth.

 

The number “seven (7)” in the Bible indicates completeness, fullness, and perfection. This is not in reference to seven individual Spirits. The Bible is clear. The grammar and syntax in the verse below in reference to the “Spirit” are singular. There is one Spirit of God.

1 Corinthians 12:11 But one and the same Spirit works all these things, distributing to each one individually just as He wills.

Other verses indicate the singular nature of the Spirit. Another example is noted below.

1 Corinthians 12:13 For by one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free, and we were all made to drink of one Spirit.

There is one Holy Spirit of God.

Revelation: Historical Sardis

Posted in Prophecy, Revelation with tags , , , , , , , on June 10, 2017 by paulthepoke

Revelation 3:1a “And to the angel of the church in Sardis write:

Sardis is the fifth church addressed in the book of Revelation. In the Greek, Sardis means “red ones” per Strong’s Concordance.

Sardis located in modern day western Turkey. The city of the fifth church is about 60 miles northeast of Smyrna. Sardis is on the northern slope of Mt. Tmolus. The Pactolus River is further down range and functioned as a moat. Sardis was well protected by its geography.

Sardis was a very wealthy city and the capital of the region of Lydia. The city was a significant market in the region. The area was rich in produce and fruits. Dyed wool is believed to be invented in Sardis. Gold was discovered in the sands of the Pactolus River. Ornaments, utensils, mirrors, and precious stones were manufactured in the area. The Romans were noted to create a series of coins during their time of rule over the area.

During the rule of King Croesus (560 – 546 BC), metallurgists from Sardis figured out how to separate gold and silver. This was the first time in history pure gold and pure silver were noted. This allowed pure gold and pure silver coins to be minted. The coins were trusted across the known world for their purity. Wealth and prosperity were synonymous with Sardis and King Croesus. This is where we get the phrase “Richer than Croesus”. Sardis is known as the birthplace of modern currency.

A temple was built in honor of the goddess Cybele. She was similar to Diana in Ephesus.

In the 21st century, Sardis is a ruin named Sert-Kalessi.

 

http://classic.net.bible.org/dictionary.php?word=Sardis

Smith’s Bible Dictionary

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sardis

 

The church at Sardis was ridiculously, materially wealthy. They were loaded. Sound familiar…

Revelation Churches: Modern Day Turkey

Posted in Prophecy, Revelation with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on October 30, 2016 by paulthepoke

Revelation 1:11 saying, “Write in a book what you see, and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea.” –Jesus

The Greek word for “book” is Βιβλιον/biblion. It means: a small book, a scroll, a written document. This is the word where we get the term Bible.

The word “book” is singular in the sentence. It would appear John sent one “book” or epistle to the seven churches. The book was sent from the island of Patmos. The order of the seven churches listed is geographical and clockwise in nature. The first stop on the mainland of Turkey was Ephesus. Next, the letter would have gone north to Smyrna. The third stop was north in Pergamum. Following Pergamum to the east and a bit south was Thyatira. The fifth stop to the south would have been Sardis. A jog to the east and the letter stopped in Philadelphia. The last stop to the south and east was Laodicea.

All seven churches are located in what is modern day Turkey.

Four of the seven churches in Revelation have references to Satan. Jesus is the one talking directly to the churches. Jesus got His information from God the Father (Revelation 1). This is not conjecture. The churches are: Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, and Philadelphia.

Acts 16:6 They passed through the Phrygian and Galatian region, having been forbidden by the Holy Spirit to speak the word in Asia… The Holy Spirit made sure Paul and his companions stayed in modern day Turkey instead of advancing east to China. The regions of Phrygia and Galatia are in the heart of Asia Minor.

Satan has his trinity. He plays the role of God. The antichrist plays the role of Jesus. And the false prophet plays the role of the Holy Spirit. Satan clearly has a foot hold in Turkey per the comments of Jesus to the churches in Revelation. Satan has a religious system and structures in place in this geographical area. If Satan’s home land is modern day Turkey, would it make sense for him to establish his kingdom with his minions here?

 

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